An AT-rich sequence in human common fragile site FRA16D causes fork stalling and chromosome breakage in S. cerevisiae

Mol Cell. 2007 Aug 3;27(3):367-79. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2007.06.012.


Common fragile sites are regions of human chromosomes prone to breakage. Fragile site FRA16D spans the WWOX/FOR tumor suppressor gene and has been linked to cancer-causing deletions and translocations. Using a genetic assay in yeast, we found that a short AT-rich region (Flex1) within FRA16D increases chromosome fragility, whereas three other sequences within FRA16D do not. To our knowledge, this is the first identification of a sequence element within a common fragile site that increases chromosome fragility. The fragility of Flex1 was exacerbated by the absence of Rad52 or the presence of hydroxyurea. Flex1 contains a polymorphic AT repeat predicted to form a DNA structure, and two-dimensional gel analysis showed accumulation of stalled replication forks at the Flex1 sequence that was dependent on AT length. Our data suggest that the FRA16D Flex1 sequence causes increased chromosome breakage by forming secondary structures that stall replication fork progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • AT Rich Sequence / genetics*
  • Base Pairing
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Breakage*
  • Chromosome Fragile Sites*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics*
  • Cytogenetic Analysis
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development