In this research, the role of leptin on sepsis-induced organ dysfunction was evaluated. Making use of a mice sepsis model, changes of alanine transaminase and uric acid in serum, myeloperoxidase activity, leptin levels and histological alterations in heart, lung, liver and kidney were determined. Results showed that sepsis induced significantly higher levels of serum alanine transaminase and uric acid, decreased tissue myeloperoxidase activity and leptin levels, and triggered distinct histological alterations. However, leptin and indomethacin injections reversed those impairments at 6h and/or 12h after injury. These data reveal a protective role of both leptin and indomethacin on vital organ functions after sepsis by recovering tissue myeloperoxidase activity.