The effects of three months of aerobic and strength training on selected performance- and fitness-related parameters in modern dance students

J Strength Cond Res. 2007 Aug;21(3):808-12. doi: 10.1519/R-20856.1.


The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of a 12-week aerobic and muscular strength training program on selected dance performance and fitness-related parameters in modern dance students. The sample consisted of 32 men and women (age 19 +/- 2.2 years) who were randomly assigned into exercise (n = 19) and control (n = 13) groups. Anthropometric and flexibility assessments, treadmill ergometry, strength measurements, and- on a separate day-a dance technique test were conducted pre- and postexercise training in both groups. After the end of the program, the exercise group revealed significant increases in dance (p < 0.02), VO(2)max (p < 0.04), flexibility (p < 0.01), and leg strength (p < 0.001) tests compared to controls. It is concluded that in modern dance students (a) a 3-month aerobic and strength training program has positive effects on selected dance performance and fitness-related parameters, (b) aerobic capacity and leg strength improvements do not hinder dance performance as studied herein, and (c) the dance-only approach does not provide enough scope for physical fitness enhancements.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anthropometry
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Dancing / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leg / physiology
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Pliability
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Treatment Outcome