The CCARE model of clinical supervision: bridging the theory-practice gap

Nurse Educ Pract. 2007 Mar;7(2):103-11. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2006.06.007. Epub 2006 Sep 11.


Clinical supervision of nursing students is a key component of nursing education. The clinical setting provides students with an opportunity to develop a professional identity, knowledge base, and the ability to transfer classroom knowledge to the clinical setting. This paper suggests a model of clinical supervision that will address how to bridge the pre-existing theory-practice gap in nursing education through an attitude of caring and the utilization of caring behaviours based on Leininger's theory of culture care. Key concepts included in this model are: communication, collaboration, application, reflection and evaluation, these concepts comprise the CCARE model of clinical supervision.

MeSH terms

  • Education, Nursing*
  • Empathy*
  • Humans
  • Models, Educational*
  • Nursing Theory*
  • Ontario
  • Organizational Culture
  • Preceptorship / methods*
  • Professional Practice / organization & administration
  • Transfer, Psychology