Surgical treatment of massive hydrothorax complicating continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

Clin Nephrol. 1991 Dec;36(6):299-301.


Acute hydrothorax is a well-recognized complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and is often regarded as a contraindication to its use. We report three cases treated by surgical closure of a communication between the peritoneal and pleural cavities enabling CAPD to continue successfully. This is a simple, safe and effective procedure which merits wider use as an alternative to transferring the patient to permanent hemodialysis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Fistula / surgery
  • Humans
  • Hydrothorax / etiology*
  • Hydrothorax / surgery*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory / adverse effects*
  • Peritoneal Diseases / surgery
  • Pleural Diseases / surgery