Object: This study examines common peroneal nerve decompression and its effect on nerve function.
Methods: Fifty-one peroneal nerve decompressions were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively for motor and sensory function of the peroneal nerve as well as for pain.
Results: Postoperatively, 40 (83%) of 48 patients who had preoperative motor weakness had improvement in motor function. Likewise, 23 (49%) of 47 patients who had sensory disturbances and 26 (84%) of 31 patients who had preoperative pain improved after surgical decompression of the peroneal nerve.
Conclusions: Common peroneal nerve decompression is a useful procedure to improve sensation and strength as well as to decrease pain.