Background: Polymorphism in MDR1 is associated with variation in the plasma level of a proton pump inhibitor.
Aim: To investigate whether MDR1 polymorphism is associated with eradication rates of Helicobacter pylori by a triple therapy with lansoprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin in relation to CYP2C19 genotype status and bacterial susceptibility to clarithromycin.
Methods: A total of 313 patients infected with H. pylori completed the treatment with lansoprazole 30 mg b.d., clarithromycin 200 mg b.d. and amoxicillin 750 mg b.d. for 1 week. MDR1 C3435T polymorphism and CYP2C19 genotypes of patients and sensitivity of H. pylori to clarithromycin were determined.
Results: Logistic regression analysis revealed that the MDR1 polymorphism as well as CYP2C19 genotypes of patients and clarithromycin-resistance of H. pylori were significantly associated with successful eradication. Eradication rates for H. pylori were 82% (83/101: 95% CI = 73-89), 81% (112/139: CI = 73-87), and 67% (44/73: CI = 48-72) in patients with the MDR1 3435 C/C, C/T and T/T genotype, respectively (P = 0.001).
Conclusions: Polymorphism of MDR1 is one of the determinants of successful eradication of H. pylori by the triple therapy with lansoprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin, together with CYP2C19 genotype and bacterial susceptibility to clarithromycin.