Histological changes of the bladder mucosa following the administration of BCG adriamycin and RO 10-9359

Int Urol Nephrol. 1991;23(6):553-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02549845.


Three groups of Wistar rats have been treated with intravesical Adriamycin and BCG and oral retinoids. The main effect on the bladder seen on histological sections was mononuclear infiltration in the Adriamycin group, polymorphonuclear infiltration in the BCG group and minimal mononuclear and polymorphous infiltration in the retinoid group. The results are discussed in relation to the existing theories on the protective action of these agents against bladder tumour recurrences.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Intravesical
  • Animals
  • Doxorubicin / administration & dosage
  • Doxorubicin / pharmacology*
  • Epithelium / drug effects
  • Etretinate / administration & dosage
  • Etretinate / pharmacology*
  • Mycobacterium bovis*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Urinary Bladder / drug effects*


  • Etretinate
  • Doxorubicin