The interaction of DiaA and DnaA regulates the replication cycle in E. coli by directly promoting ATP DnaA-specific initiation complexes

Genes Dev. 2007 Aug 15;21(16):2083-99. doi: 10.1101/gad.1561207.


Escherichia coli DiaA is a DnaA-binding protein that is required for the timely initiation of chromosomal replication during the cell cycle. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of DiaA at 1.8 A resolution. DiaA forms a homotetramer consisting of a symmetrical pair of homodimers. Mutational analysis revealed that the DnaA-binding activity and formation of homotetramers are required for the stimulation of initiation by DiaA. DiaA tetramers can bind multiple DnaA molecules simultaneously. DiaA stimulated the assembly of multiple DnaA molecules on oriC, conformational changes in ATP-DnaA-specific initiation complexes, and unwinding of oriC duplex DNA. The mutant DiaA proteins are defective in these stimulations. DiaA associated also with ADP-DnaA, and stimulated the assembly of inactive ADP-DnaA-oriC complexes. Specific residues in the putative phosphosugar-binding motif of DiaA were required for the stimulation of initiation and formation of ATP-DnaA-specific-oriC complexes. Our data indicate that DiaA regulates initiation by a novel mechanism, in which DiaA tetramers most likely bind to multiple DnaA molecules and stimulate the assembly of specific ATP-DnaA-oriC complexes. These results suggest an essential role for DiaA in the promotion of replication initiation in a cell cycle coordinated manner.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / cytology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Mutation
  • Origin Recognition Complex / genetics
  • Origin Recognition Complex / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors, General / chemistry
  • Transcription Factors, General / genetics
  • Transcription Factors, General / metabolism


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • DiaA protein, E coli
  • DnaA protein, Bacteria
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • OriC chromosomal replication origin
  • Origin Recognition Complex
  • Transcription Factors, General
  • Adenosine Triphosphate