Assessment of body composition in Sri Lankan children: validation of a bioelectrical impedance prediction equation

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Oct;62(10):1170-7. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602835. Epub 2007 Aug 15.


Objective: To develop bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) equations to predict total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM) of Sri Lankan children.

Subjects/methods: Data were collected from 5- to 15-year-old healthy children. They were randomly assigned to validation (M/F: 105/83) and cross-validation (M/F: 53/41) groups. Height, weight and BIA were measured. TBW was assessed using isotope dilution method (D(2)O). Multiple regression analysis was used to develop preliminary equations and cross-validated on an independent group. Final prediction equation was constructed combining the two groups and validated by PRESS (prediction of sum of squares) statistics. Impedance index (height(2)/impedance; cm(2)/Omega), weight and sex code (male=1; female=0) were used as variables.

Results: Independent variables of the final prediction equation for TBW were able to predict 86.3% of variance with root means-squared error (RMSE) of 2.1 l. PRESS statistics was 2.1 l with press residuals of 1.2 l. Independent variables were able to predict 86.9% of variance of FFM with RMSE of 2.7 kg. PRESS statistics was 2.8 kg with press residuals of 1.4 kg. Bland Altman technique showed that the majority of the residuals were within mean bias+/-1.96 s.d.

Conclusions: Results of this study provide BIA equation for the prediction of TBW and FFM in Sri Lankan children. To the best of our knowledge there are no published BIA prediction equations validated on South Asian populations. Results of this study need to be affirmed by more studies on other closely related populations by using multi-component body composition assessment.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adolescent
  • Algorithms
  • Body Composition / physiology*
  • Body Fat Distribution / methods
  • Body Height / physiology
  • Body Water / metabolism*
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electric Impedance*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Obesity / diagnosis*
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sri Lanka / epidemiology