Changing the density of alcohol outlets to reduce alcohol-related problems

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2007 Sep;26(5):557-66. doi: 10.1080/09595230701499191.


Increasingly, it seems, legal and political debates regarding the granting of new liquor licences are turning to the issue of whether the number and density of alcohol outlets makes a difference in rates of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. But what is the state of the evidence on this question? In this Harm Reduction Digest Livingston, Chikritzhs and Room review the research literature on the effects of density of alcohol sales outlets on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems; suggest a new way of conceptualising the relationships; and discuss the implications for reducing alcohol-related harm.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / prevention & control
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Alcoholic Beverages / supply & distribution*
  • Alcoholism / prevention & control
  • Commerce*
  • Harm Reduction*
  • Humans
  • Violence / prevention & control
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data