NFKB and NFKBI polymorphisms in relation to susceptibility of tumour and other diseases

Histol Histopathol. 2007 Dec;22(12):1387-98. doi: 10.14670/HH-22.1387.


Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is responsible for the expression by regulating many genes for immune response, cell adhesion, differentiation, proliferation, angiogenesis and apoptosis. The function of NF-kappaB is inhibited by binding to NF-kappaB inhibitor (IkappaB), and imbalance of NF-kappaB and IkappaB has been associated with development of many diseases, including tumours. In this review, we focus on polymorphisms of the NFKB and NFKBI genes in relation to development of common inflammatory diseases including ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis, giant cell arthritis, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, celiac disease, and Parkinson's disease, as well as susceptibility of several cancers, such as oral squamous cell carcinoma, colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatocellular carcinoma, breast cancer and myeloma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • I-kappa B Proteins / genetics*
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha
  • NF-kappa B / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Signal Transduction


  • I-kappa B Proteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • NFKBIA protein, human
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha