Purpose: Validate and exemplify a discrete, componentized, in silico, transwell device (ISTD) capable of mimicking the in vitro passive transport properties of compounds through cell monolayers. Verify its use for studying drug-drug interactions.
Methods: We used the synthetic modeling method. Specialized software components represented spatial and functional features including cell components, semi-porous tight junctions, and metabolizing enzymes. Mobile components represented drugs. Experiments were conducted and analyzed as done in vitro.
Results: Verification experiments provided data analogous to those in the literature. ISTD parameters were tuned to simulate and match in vitro urea transport data; the objects representing tight junction (effective radius of 6.66 A) occupied 0.066% of the surface area. That ISTD was then tuned to simulate pH-dependent, in vitro alfentanil transport properties. The resulting ISTD predicted the passive transport properties of 14 additional compounds, individually and all together in one in silico experiment. The function of a two-site enzymatic component was cross-validated with a kinetic model and then experimentally validated against in vitro benzyloxyresorufin metabolism data. Those components were used to exemplify drug-drug interaction studies.
Conclusions: The ISTD is an example of a new class of simulation models capable of realistically representing complex drug transport and drug-drug interaction phenomena.