Development of GABA innervation in the cerebral and cerebellar cortices

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2007 Sep;8(9):673-86. doi: 10.1038/nrn2188.


In many areas of the vertebrate brain, such as the cerebral and cerebellar cortices, neural circuits rely on inhibition mediated by GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) to shape the spatiotemporal patterns of electrical signalling. The richness and subtlety of inhibition are achieved by diverse classes of interneurons that are endowed with distinct physiological properties. In addition, the axons of interneurons display highly characteristic and class-specific geometry and innervation patterns, and thereby distribute their output to discrete spatial domains, cell types and subcellular compartments in neural networks. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that specify and modify inhibitory innervation patterns are only just beginning to be understood.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebellar Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebellar Cortex / physiology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Interneurons / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • Nerve Net / cytology
  • Nerve Net / physiology
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology
  • Synapses / physiology
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / physiology*


  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid