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. 2008 Jan 1;126(1-3):287-94.
doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2007.07.003. Epub 2007 Jul 10.

Antiproliferative Effects and Apoptosis Induction by Probiotic Cytoplasmic Extracts in Fish Cell Lines

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Antiproliferative Effects and Apoptosis Induction by Probiotic Cytoplasmic Extracts in Fish Cell Lines

Irene Salinas et al. Vet Microbiol. .

Abstract

Probiotic bacteria are known to exert a wide range of beneficial effects on their animal hosts. Control of intestinal homeostasis, inflammation suppression and a reduction in the incidence of cancer all rely on the antiproliferative potential of probiotics. In this paper, we assess the antiproliferative activity of probiotics in two teleost fish cell lines SAF-1, a fibroblast cell line and EPC, an epithelioma from carp. Cells were grown in the presence of cytoplasmic extracts obtained from two bacterial strains, Lactobacillus delbrüeckii subsp. lactis (LDL) and 51M6. Proliferation and apoptosis were measured after 4, 24, 48 or 72h in culture by the crystal violet or by double staining flow cytometry assays, respectively. Generally, LDL had stronger effects on cell growth than 51M6. Moreover, SAF-1 cells were more susceptible to growth inhibition than EPC cells. Apoptosis took place following growth inhibition, especially when LDL extracts were used. The results are discussed in terms of the biological significance of probiotic bacteria that naturally occur on the fish mucosal surfaces with an emphasis on how dose and species specificity may be determinant factors.

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