Anti-osteoporosis activity of naringin in the retinoic acid-induced osteoporosis model

Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(4):663-7. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X07005156.


Isoflavonoids isolated from plants have been confirmed to fight osteoporosis and promote bone health. However, few studies have been conducted to describe the anti-osteoporosis activity of botanical flavonone. Based on the experimental outcomes, we demonstrated the ability of naringin to fight osteoporosis in vitro. We developed a retinoic acid-induced osteoporosis model of rats to assess whether naringin has similar bioactivity against osteoporosis in vitro. After a 14-day supplement of retinoic acid to induce osteoporosis, SD rats were administered naringin. A blood test showed that naringin-treated rats experienced significantly lower activity of serum alkaline phosphatase and had higher femur bone mineral density, compared to untreated rats. All three dosages of naringin improved the decrease in bone weight coefficient, the length and the diameter of the bone, the content of bone ash, calcium, and phosphorus content induced by retinoic acid. The data of histomorphological metrology of naringin groups showed no difference as compared to normal control rats. These outcomes suggest that naringin offer a potential in the management of osteoporosis in vitro.

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bone Density / drug effects
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Femur / drug effects
  • Femur / metabolism
  • Flavanones / pharmacology*
  • Flavanones / therapeutic use
  • Minerals / metabolism
  • Osteogenesis / drug effects
  • Osteoporosis / chemically induced
  • Osteoporosis / drug therapy*
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control*
  • Phosphorus / metabolism
  • Phytotherapy / methods*
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Tretinoin


  • Flavanones
  • Minerals
  • Phosphorus
  • Tretinoin
  • bone ash
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • naringin
  • Calcium