Import of proteins into mitochondria and chloroplasts

Trends Cell Biol. 1997 Mar;7(3):103-6. doi: 10.1016/S0962-8924(96)10052-0.


Although mitochondria and chloroplasts synthesize some of their own proteins, they must import most of them from the cytosol. Import is mediated by molecular chaperones in the cytosol, receptors and channels in the organelle membranes and ATP-driven 'import motors' inside the organelles. Many of these components are now known, allowing informed guesses on how they might work.