The extracellular matrix and mitogenic growth factors control G1 phase cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors

Trends Cell Biol. 1997 Sep;7(9):348-52. doi: 10.1016/S0962-8924(97)01114-8.


Most cell types require both mitogenic growth factors and cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) for proliferation. Over the past few years, these growth requirements have received renewed attention and can now be explained by studies showing that signals provided by growth factors and the ECM are jointly required to stimulate the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) that mediate cell-cycle progression through G1 phase. This article summarizes our current understanding of the control of G1 cyclins and CDK inhibitors by growth factors and the ECM. In addition, we have highlighted one or two signal-transduction pathways that presently seem closely linked to regulation of the G1 phase cyclin-CDK system.