Objective: Central counter-regulatory mechanisms, including those related to the orexigenic hormone neuropeptide Y (NPY), may limit the weight loss observed with conventional pharmacological monotherapy. This study evaluated whether blockade of the NPY Y5 receptor (NPY5R) with the selective antagonist MK-0557 potentiates sibutramine and orlistat weight loss effects.
Research methods and procedures: Obese patients (497, BMI 30 to 43 kg/m2) were randomized to 1 of 5 treatment arms [placebo, n = 101; sibutramine 10 mg/d, n = 100; MK-0557 1 mg/d plus sibutramine 10 mg/d, n = 98; orlistat 120 mg TID, n = 99; MK-0557 1 mg/d plus orlistat 120 mg TID, n = 99] in conjunction with a hypocaloric diet for 24 weeks. The all-patients-treated population, imputing missing data using last observation carried forward, was used to assess weight loss from baseline.
Results: The study was completed by 71% of patients in placebo, 76% in sibutramine alone, 79% in MK-0557 + sibutramine, 69% in orlistat alone, and 76% in MK-0557 + orlistat groups. Least squares (LS) mean difference [95% confidence interval (CI)] in weight change from baseline between MK-0557 + sibutramine and sibutramine alone was -0.1 (-1.6, 1.4) kg (p = 0.892) and between MK-0557 + orlistat and orlistat alone was -0.9 (-2.4, 0.6) kg (p = 0.250). Sibutramine alone induced a LS mean weight loss of -5.9 (-6.9, -4.9) kg vs. -4.6 (-5.7, -3.6) kg for orlistat (p = 0.097). There were no serious drug-related adverse events and MK-0557 was well tolerated.
Discussion: Blockade of the NPY5R with the potent antagonist MK-0557 did not significantly increase the weight loss efficacy of either orlistat or sibutramine monotherapy.