Impact of simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Transplantation. 2007 Aug 27;84(4):541-4. doi: 10.1097/01.tp.0000270617.43811.af.

Abstract

We retrospectively investigated the impact of pancreas transplantation on cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with type 1 diabetic end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Two cohorts of patients, 44 simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant patients (SPK) and 30 kidney transplant-alone patients (KTA), were included. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Compared with KTA patients, SPK patients had significantly lower mean arterial pressure (88.5+/-12.7 vs. 98.2+/-13.0 mmHg, P=0.002), lower pulse pressure (51.6+/-15.1 vs. 61.4+/-15.6 mmHg, P=0.008), lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (83.5+/-20.6 vs. 99.2+/-32.5 mg/dl, P=0.02), and required fewer lipid-lowering medications (31.8% vs. 60.0%, P=0.02). Compared with pretransplant values, only SPK patients showed significant improvement in both blood pressure and total cholesterol. We conclude that SPK significantly improves blood pressure and dyslipidemia compared with KTA in type 1 diabetic ESRD patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / metabolism
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / complications
  • Hyperlipidemias / metabolism
  • Hyperlipidemias / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery
  • Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Kidney Transplantation / physiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Pancreas Transplantation / physiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Hypolipidemic Agents