Twitching motility allows Pseudomonas aeruginosa to respond to stimuli by extending and retracting its type IV pili (TFP). PilJ is a protein necessary for this surface-associated twitching motility and bears high sequence identity with Escherichia coli methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCP). Here, we report that whereas wild-type P. aeruginosa PAO1 cells have extended pili at a single pole, pilJ mutant cells have shortened pili often at both poles despite normal levels of pilin accumulation, suggesting that PilJ is required for full TFP assembly/extension. Using yellow fluorescent protein fusions (pilJ-yfp), both plasmid born and in-frame chromosomal constructs, we determined that PilJ localizes to both poles of the cell. Overexpression of pilJ-yfp resulted in the protein accumulating between the poles.