Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 2 (ASK2) is an interaction partner of the highly related ASK1. Here, we describe a regulatory function of ASK2 in stress signaling-induced cleavage of caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Increased cleavage of caspase-3 and PARP was demonstrated by overexpression as well as knockdown of ASK2 after stress-induction by serum-starvation. We show that ectopically expressed ASK2 homo-oligomerized while endogenous ASK2 and ASK1 formed hetero-oligomers, which decreased upon serum-starvation. Co-expression of ASK2 and ASK1 stabilized these two proteins and reduced starvation-induced caspase-3 activation and degradation of PARP. Analysis of the intracellular localization of ASK2 exhibited a similar localization compared with ASK1 in the nucleus, cytoplasm, and in mitochondria. We propose that ASK2 regulates stress-induced caspase-3 and PARP cleavage in a dose-dependent manner by heteromeric complex formation with ASK1.