Evaluation of the overall program effectiveness of HIV-related intervention programs in a community in Sichuan, China

Sex Transm Dis. 2007 Sep;34(9):653-62. doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000260948.10572.b9.


Objectives: The study evaluates the overall effectiveness of intervention programs among female sex workers in a Chinese community.

Study design: Behavioral surveillance data in 2003, 2004, and 2005 obtained from 2 communities (intervened and control) were compared.

Results: The baseline data (2003) of the 2 counties were not significantly different. In 2004 and 2005, the intervened county had significantly higher prevalence of condom use with their clients and regular sex partners (last-time and consistent use in the last month; OR = 2.2-33.2 in 2004 and 3.8-8.3 in 2005), higher HIV-related knowledge level (OR = 7.9 in 2004 and 17.3 in 2005), and lower STD prevalence (OR = 0.22 in 2004 and 0.11 in 2005). Coverage rates of HIV antibody testing and HIV-related services increased in the intervened county but decreased in the control county.

Conclusions: Intervention programs may result in substantial behavioral changes in a community within a few years.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • China / epidemiology
  • Community Health Services / standards*
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / etiology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • National Health Programs / standards
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care*
  • Program Evaluation*
  • Sex Work*