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Editorial
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Chagas Disease: An Impediment in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Latin America

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Editorial

Chagas Disease: An Impediment in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Latin America

Carlos Franco-Paredes et al. BMC Int Health Hum Rights.

Abstract

Background: Achieving sustainable economic and social growth through advances in health is crucial in Latin America within the framework of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

Discussion: Health-related Millennium Development Goals need to incorporate a multidimensional approach addressing the specific epidemiologic profile for each region of the globe. In this regard, addressing the cycle of destitution and suffering associated with infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent of Chagas disease of American trypanosomiasis, will play a key role to enable the most impoverished populations in Latin America the opportunity to achieve their full potential. Most cases of Chagas disease occur among forgotten populations because these diseases persist exclusively in the poorest and the most marginalized communities in Latin America.

Summary: Addressing the cycle of destitution and suffering associated with T. cruzi infection will contribute to improve the health of the most impoverished populations in Latin America and will ultimately grant them with the opportunity to achieve their full economic potential.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Title Incidence of Chagas disease in Mexico, 1990–2005. * Includes acute and chronic cases Source: Ministry of Health, Mexico CENEVECE (1990 – 2005) per 100 000 population
Figure 2
Figure 2
Title Cycle of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi and its vectors to humans. Triatomine bugs live in the crevices of poorly constructed houses in impoverished areas in Latin America. Metacyclic trypomastigote is the infecting form to humans, while the amastigote is the intracellular form responsible for the immunopathogenesis in target human organs.

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