We have evaluated the effect of metformin on haemorheology, lipid levels and insulin resistance in insulin-dependent diabetic patients over a 6-week period. Rheological parameters remained unaltered except for the whole blood clogging rate which decreased significantly. No effect on lipid levels was seen. The main effect of metformin was limited to daily insulin requirement and insulin units/kg bw. Bearing in mind the negative effects of high insulin levels, metformin could be useful in the prevention of atherogenesis in insulin-dependent diabetic patients.