Correction of fructosamine value for serum albumin and globulin concentrations

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1991 Aug;13(1-2):37-44. doi: 10.1016/0168-8227(91)90031-8.


Using the data of 131 patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), the correction formulas of fructosamine value ([FRA]) were devised to standardize the uncorrected [FRA] to serum albumin concentrations ([ALB]) of 4 g/dl, globulin concentrations ([GLB]) of 3 g/dl, and total protein concentrations ([TP]) of 7 g/dl. The following formula was derived for its maximum correlation coefficient (r) between corrected [FRA] ([FRAc]) and fasting blood glucose concentration ([G]); [FRAc] = [FRA]x33.3/(7.6 [ALB]+[GLB]). In these 131 diabetic patients, r between uncorrected [FRA] and [G] at 2 weeks ago was 0.562. When corrected by [FRA]x33.3/(7.6 [ALB]+[GLB]), [FRA]x4/[ALB], [FRA]+30 (4-[ALB]), [FRA]+23 (4-[ALB]), [FRA]+30 (7-[TP]), [FRA]x7/[TP], and [FRA]x3/[GLB], r was, respectively, 0.616, 0.612, 0.595, 0.589, 0.582, 0.581 and 0.478. In 24 patients with NIDDM whose [ALB] is either above 4.5 g/dl or below 3.5 g/dl, r between uncorrected [FRA] and [G] was as low as 0.389 without positive correlation. By using our correction formulas of [FRA]x33.3/(7.6 [ALB]+[GLB]) or [FRA] x 4/[ALB], r was statistically increased, respectively, to 0.769 or 0.788 (P less than 0.05 in both cases) in contrast to no significant increase of r by other formulas being at 0.598, 0.556, 0.540, 0.562 and 0.121. Based on these analyses, it is concluded that our correction formula of [FRA] by [FRAc]=[FRA]x33.3/(7.6 [ALB]+[GLB]) accurately reflects [G] in NIDDM even with hypo- or hyper-albuminemia, and [FRAc]=[FRA]x4/[ALB] is useful for practical application for its simplicity.

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Female
  • Fructosamine
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Hexosamines / blood*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Serum Albumin / analysis*
  • Serum Globulins / analysis*


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hexosamines
  • Serum Albumin
  • Serum Globulins
  • Fructosamine