Femtomole sensitive radioimmunoassay for cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP after 2'0 acetylation by acetic anhydride in aqueous solution

J Cyclic Nucleotide Res. 1975;1(4):207-18.


The sensitivity of radioimmunoassays for cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP has been markedly improved to readily detect femtomole (10-15) amounts in tissue extracts by acetylating the cyclic nucleotides at the 2'0 position with acetic anhydride. Acetylation of cyclic nucleotides by acetic anhydride in aqueous solution proceeds more rapidly than the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride to acetic acid thus yielding 100% acetylated cyclic nucleotide. 2'0 substituted cyclic nucleotides have greater affinity for the antibody than the parent cyclic nucleotides because the antibody has been made to a protein conjugate coupled at the 2'0 position. This simple acetylation technique makes it possible to measure cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP in minute quantities of tissue without purification or concentration of the sample.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cyclic AMP / analysis*
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic GMP / analysis*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Heart Atria / metabolism
  • Male
  • Microchemistry
  • Myocardium / analysis
  • Organ Specificity
  • Parotid Gland / metabolism
  • Radioimmunoassay / methods
  • Rats
  • Succinates


  • Acetates
  • Succinates
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic GMP