Analysis of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone from biological fluids as the oxime derivatives using high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007;21(19):3200-6. doi: 10.1002/rcm.3205.


A sensitive liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone (T) from biological fluids has been developed. Commercially available deuterated analogues were used as internal standards. Steroids were extracted from serum or testicular fluid with hexane/ethyl acetate, evaporated to dryness, and treated with hydroxylamine to form their oxime derivatives. Upon chromatographic separation, the compounds were quantified using selected reaction monitoring (SRM). For T, the [M+H](+) ion at m/z 304 and the fragment ion at m/z 124 were used as the precursor and product ions. For DHT the ion cluster [M+H+ACN](+) at m/z 347 and the dissociated ion [M+H](+) at m/z 306 were used as the precursor and product ions, respectively. The limits of detectability on-column were in the sub-femtomole range for both compounds and the intra-day coefficient of variation (CV) for analysis from serum was less than 7% for both compounds. Given its high reproducibility, sensitivity, and relative simplicity, this assay should be of use in determining androgen levels in biospecimens, particularly in settings where sample quantity or steroid concentration are low.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Chemical Analysis / methods*
  • Body Fluids
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Dihydrotestosterone / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microchemistry / methods*
  • Oximes / analysis*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization / methods*
  • Testis / metabolism*
  • Testosterone / analysis*


  • Oximes
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Testosterone