Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms as the first thérapeutic option

J Neuroradiol. 2007 Oct;34(4):250-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neurad.2007.07.001. Epub 2007 Aug 31.

Abstract

Background and purpose: To prospectively evaluate the results of endovascular treatment (EVT) of intracranial aneurysms when it is considered as first-intention treatment.

Methods: From April 2004-October 2006, 167 consecutive patients with 202 aneurysms were treated in our institution. Five patients with a ruptured aneurysm with an associated haematoma were excluded. In 162 patients with 197 aneurysms, EVT was considered as first-intention treatment.

Results: Surgical clipping was performed in 25 aneurysms (25/197=12.7%) including 22 aneurysms excluded from EVT and three EVT failures. EVT was thus attempted in 144 patients with 175 aneurysms and successfully performed in 141 patients with 172 aneurysms (172/197=87.3%). EVT failure rate was 1.7%. Clinical outcome according to the modified Glasgow Outcome Scale was: Excellent, 81.5%; Good, 7%; Poor or Fair, 3.5%; Death, 8%. Procedural complications occurred in 17 cases (10%). Balloon- or stent-assisted techniques were used in 60 cases (34.9%) and were not associated with higher complication rate. Overall procedural morbidity and mortality rates were 4.2 and 2.1%. Initially, complete occlusion was obtained in 68%, neck remnant in 23%, and incomplete occlusion in 9% of aneurysms. Follow-up (mean 11 months) was obtained in 119 aneurysms and showed major recanalisation--that required re-treatment--in 13 cases (11%) and minor recanalisation in 17 cases (14.3%).

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that new endovascular techniques allow proposing EVT as first-intention treatment in 87.3% of patients with intracranial aneurysms. This therapeutic strategy is associated with good clinical results. However, anatomical results are not improved and remain the EVT limiting factor.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angioplasty*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome