Introduction: Therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation improves outcome following prolonged out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Laboratory studies suggest that this therapy may improve outcome further when induced during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We report a case where therapeutic hypothermia was induced during cardiopulmonary resuscitation using large-volume (40 mL/kg), ice-cold (4 degrees C) intravenous fluid.
Design: Case report.
Setting: A tertiary level hospital in Victoria, Australia.
Case report: The patient suffered a cardiac arrest secondary to pericardial tamponade following right ventricular perforation during cardiac catheterisation. Percutaneous needle drainage was unsuccessful and open drainage via a left emergency thoracotomy was performed. Therapeutic hypothermia during cardiopulmonary resuscitation was induced using of a rapid infusion of large-volume (40 mL/kg), ice-cold (4 degrees C) crystalloid fluid. A spontaneous circulation was restored after 37 min of cardiac arrest. The patient made a satisfactory neurological recovery.
Conclusion: Treatment with a rapid intravenous infusion of large-volume (40 mL/kg), ice-cold (4 degrees C) fluid during cardiopulmonary resuscitation induces mild hypothermia and may provide neurological protection. Further clinical studies of this approach are warranted.