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, 26 (6), 925-33

Recurrence of Peptic Ulcer in Uraemic and Non-Uraemic Patients After Helicobacter Pylori Eradication: A 2-year Study

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Recurrence of Peptic Ulcer in Uraemic and Non-Uraemic Patients After Helicobacter Pylori Eradication: A 2-year Study

G-Y Tseng et al. Aliment Pharmacol Ther.

Abstract

Background: The role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease in patients with uraemia remains unclear.

Aim: To evaluate the long-term effect of H. pylori eradication in these patients.

Methods: Uraemic and non-uraemic patients with peptic ulcer were enrolled in this study. Patients having history of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use or cardiovascular disease that need aspirin use were excluded. After confirmation of H. pylori infection, they received a triple therapy and were followed up for 2 years.

Results: Between September 1999 and December 2005, 34 patients (41%) of the end-stage renal disease [H. pylori (+) group] and 67 (84%) of the non-uraemic patients with peptic ulcer disease (PU group) received anti-H. pylori therapy. After triple therapy, 32 (94%) from the end-stage renal disease group and 64 (96%) from the peptic ulcer group obtained successful eradication. During the 2-year follow-up, three patients in the end-stage renal disease group were excluded because of the presence of cardiovascular disease and aspirin use in two cases and died of heart failure in one case; two patients in peptic ulcer group refused follow-up. Finally, 29 uraemic and 62 non-uraemic patients had achieved the follow-up. Recurrence of peptic ulcer was more in the end-stage renal disease group than in the peptic ulcer group with intention-to-treat analysis (eight of 32, 25% vs. two of 64, 3%, P = 0.001, OR: 10.0, 95% CI: 1.979-50.540) or per-protocol analysis (eight of 29, 28% vs. two of 62, 3%, P < 0.001, OR: 11.4, 95% CI: 2.245-58.168).

Conclusions: Peptic ulcer recurrence after H. pylori eradication is higher in end-stage renal disease patients with peptic ulcer than in peptic ulcer patients without renal disease. Factors aside from H. pylori play an important role in peptic ulcer recurrence in end-stage renal disease patients.

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