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. 1983 Dec 2;222(4627):1015-8.
doi: 10.1126/science.222.4627.1015.

Samarium-146 in the Early Solar System: Evidence From Neodymium in the Allende Meteorite

Samarium-146 in the Early Solar System: Evidence From Neodymium in the Allende Meteorite

G W Lugmair et al. Science. .

Abstract

A carbon-chromite fraction from the Allende C3V chondrite shows strikingly large isotopic enrichments of neodymium-142 (0.47 percent) and neodymium- 143 (36 percent). Both apparently formed by alpha decay of samarium-146 and samarium-147 (half-lives 1.03 x 10(8) and 1.06 x 10(11) years), but the isotopic enrichment was greatly magnified by recoil of residual nuclei into a carbon film surrounding the samarium-bearing grains. These data provide an improved estimate of the original abundance of extinct samarium-146 in the early solar system [(146)Sm/(144)Sm = (4.5 +/- 0.5) x 10(-3)], higher than predicted by some models of pprocess nucleosynthesis. It may be possible to use this isotopic pair as a chronometer of the early solar system.

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