The Center for Eukaryotic Structural Genomics (CESG) produces and solves the structures of proteins from eukaryotes. We have developed and operate a pipeline to both solve structures and to test new methodologies. Both NMR and X-ray crystallography methods are used for structure solution. CESG chooses targets based on sequence dissimilarity to known structures, medical relevance, and nominations from members of the scientific community. Many times proteins qualify in more than one of these categories. Here we review some of the structures that have connections to human health and disease.