Work Stress, Family Stress and Depression in Professional and Managerial Employees

Psychol Med. 1991 Nov;21(4):999-1012. doi: 10.1017/s0033291700029998.


Detailed interviews were conducted with 1523 married professional and managerial employees of a major US corporation to test associations of acute and chronic occupational and domestic stress with DSM-III-R major depression and current depressive symptoms. After controlling for demographic and clinical risk factors, both sources of stress were significantly associated with the two measures of depression. On the other hand, neither the demographic and clinical risk factors, nor several psychosocial characteristics (social support, sense of mastery and organizational commitment) moderated the relationship between stress and depression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / diagnosis
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology*
  • Organizational Affiliation
  • Personality Inventory
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Environment
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*
  • Workload / psychology*