Transient erythroblastopenia of childhood in siblings: case report and review of the literature

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2007 Sep;29(9):659-60. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e31814684e9.


Transient erythroblastopenia of childhood is characterized by anemia due to decreased production of red blood cell precursors. It is almost always self-resolving and requires clinical intervention only in severe cases. This article describes 2 cases in half-siblings diagnosed approximately 10 years apart. A review of the literature identifies 11 other sibling pairs. Our case suggests an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. To date, the gene involved in the development of transient erythroblastopenia of childhood has not been identified.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Aplastic / diagnosis*
  • Anemia, Aplastic / genetics
  • Erythroblasts*
  • Erythropoiesis / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Siblings*