A gynecologic oncology group randomized phase III trial of whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) vs. cisplatin-ifosfamide and mesna (CIM) as post-surgical therapy in stage I-IV carcinosarcoma (CS) of the uterus

Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Nov;107(2):177-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2007.07.070. Epub 2007 Sep 5.


Purpose: After initial surgery, there has been no established consensus regarding adjunctive therapy for patients with uterine carcinosarcoma (CS). This study was designed to compare patient outcome following treatment with adjuvant whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) versus (vs.) chemotherapy for patients with this rare group of female pelvic malignancies.

Patients and methods: Eligible, consenting women with stage I-IV uterine CS, no more than 1 cm postsurgical residuum and/or no extra-abdominal spread had their treatments randomly assigned as either WAI or three cycles of cisplatin (C), ifosfamide (I), and mesna (M).

Results: 232 patients were enrolled, of whom 206 (WAI=105; CIM=101) were deemed eligible. Patient demographics and characteristics were similar between arms. FIGO stage (both arms) was: I=64 (31%); II=26 (13%); III=92 (45%); IV=24 (12%). The estimated crude probability of recurring within 5 years was 58% (WAI) and 52% (CIM). Adjusting for stage and age, the recurrence rate was 21% lower for CIM patients than for WAI patients (relative hazard [RH]=0.789, 95% confidence interval [CI]: (0.530-1.176), p=0.245, 2-tail test). The estimated death rate was 29% lower among the CIM group (RH=0.712, 95% CI: 0.484-1.048, p=0.085, two-tail test).

Conclusion: We did not find a statistically significant advantage in recurrence rate or survival for adjuvant CIM over WAI in patients with uterine CS. However, the observed differences favor the use of combination chemotherapy in future trials.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Carcinosarcoma / drug therapy*
  • Carcinosarcoma / pathology
  • Carcinosarcoma / radiotherapy*
  • Carcinosarcoma / surgery
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Dose Fractionation, Radiation
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy*
  • Ifosfamide / administration & dosage
  • Incidence
  • Mesna / therapeutic use*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Protective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Failure
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uterine Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / pathology
  • Uterine Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / surgery


  • Protective Agents
  • Mesna
  • Cisplatin
  • Ifosfamide