Blood-borne infections

Clin Sports Med. 2007 Jul;26(3):425-31. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2007.04.010.


Blood-borne infections are transmitted by way of direct blood contact from one individual to another from injured skin or a mucous membrane. Blood-borne infections can also be transmitted through blood doping and drug abuse and through sexual contact. Risk factors for hepatitis B virus (HBV) HBV infection include travel to regions with endemic hepatitis. Prevention of blood-borne pathogens in the student-athlete should focus on traditional transmission routes and off-the-field behavior because experts believe that field transmission of blood-borne pathogens is minimal. Worldwide, HBV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV are the most common pathogens encountered. This article focuses on HBV and HCV as being the most prevalent in athletics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Global Health
  • Hepatitis Viruses*
  • Hepatitis, Viral, Human* / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis, Viral, Human* / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis, Viral, Human* / virology
  • Humans
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Risk Factors
  • Sports*
  • Travel


  • Antiviral Agents