Acute complications of extremity trauma

Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2007 Aug;25(3):751-61, iv. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2007.06.003.


In addition to the large number of patients with isolated limb injuries, many patients with major blunt or penetrating trauma harbor extremity injuries as a component of their overall clinical picture. Extremity injuries range from gross deformities and amputations to more subtle injuries, potentially difficult to diagnose, or may escape detection in unconscious or intoxicated patients. However, many soft tissue and vascular injuries require time sensitive interventions to ensure salvage of the limb and the best outcome for the patient. This article reviews the acute management of vascular and soft tissue injuries in the emergency department.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amputation, Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Amputation, Traumatic / therapy
  • Arteries / injuries*
  • Compartment Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Compartment Syndromes / physiopathology
  • Compartment Syndromes / therapy
  • Crush Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Crush Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Crush Syndrome / therapy
  • Extremities / injuries*
  • Fractures, Open / diagnosis
  • Fractures, Open / therapy
  • Humans
  • Soft Tissue Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Soft Tissue Injuries* / therapy
  • Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis
  • Wounds, Penetrating / therapy