Infections in diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2007 Sep;21(3):617-38, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2007.07.003.


Infections in diabetes mellitus are relatively more common and serious. Diabetic patients run the risk of acute metabolic decompensation during infections, and conversely patients with metabolic decompensation are at higher risk of certain invasive infections. Tight glycemic control is of paramount importance during acute infected or high stress state. Infections in diabetic patients result in extended hospital stays and additional financial burden. Given the risks of not alleviating the metabolic dysregulation and the benefits of decent glycemic control, it is necessary that besides antimicrobial therapy, equal emphasis be placed on intensified glycemic control.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus / immunology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus / microbiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / virology
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / immunology*
  • Hyperglycemia / metabolism
  • Hyperglycemia / microbiology*
  • Hyperglycemia / virology
  • Infections / immunology*
  • Infections / metabolism
  • Infections / microbiology
  • Infections / virology