Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and its receptor CCR2 have been shown to play an import role in leukocyte recruitment to sites of infection and inflammation. To investigate the role of MCP-1 during infection with influenza we inoculated wild-type (WT) and MCP-1 knockout (KO) mice with a non-lethal dose of a mouse adapted strain of influenza A. Influenza infection of WT mice resulted in a profound increase in pulmonary MCP-1 levels. MCP-1 KO mice had enhanced weight loss and did not fully regain their body weight during the 14-day observation period. In addition, MCP-1 KO mice demonstrated elevated viral loads 8 days after infection, which was accompanied by reduced leukocyte recruitment into the infected lungs, primarily caused by a diminished influx of macrophages and granulocytes. Moreover, pulmonary levels of IgA were reduced in MCP-1 KO mice. The pulmonary concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, macrophage inflammatory protein 2 and interferon-gamma were higher in MCP-1 KO mice. This study shows that MCP-1 contributes to an adequate protective immune response against influenza infection in mice.