The mechanism for noradrenaline (NA)-induced increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and physiological significance of Na(+) influx through receptor-operated channels (ROCs) and store-operated channels (SOCs) were studied in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing human alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor (alpha(1A)-AR). [Ca(2+)](i) was measured using the Ca(2+) indicator fura-2. NA (1 microM) elicited transient and subsequent sustained [Ca(2+)](i) increases, which were inhibited by YM-254890 (G(alphaq/11) inhibitor), U-73122 (phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor), and bisindolylmaleimide I (protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor), suggesting their dependence on G(alphaq/11)/PLC/PKC. Both phases were suppressed by extracellular Ca(2+) removal, SK&F 96365 (inhibitor of SOC and nonselective cation channel type-2 (NSCC-2)), LOE 908 (inhibitor of NSCC-1 and NSCC-2), and La(3+) (inhibitor of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channel). Reduction of extracellular Na(+) and pretreatment with KB-R7943, a Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) inhibitor, inhibited both phases of [Ca(2+)](i) increases. These results suggest that 1) stimulation of alpha(1A)-AR with NA elicits the transient and sustained increases in [Ca(2+)](i) mediated through NSCC-2 that belongs to a TRPC family; 2) Na(+) influx through these channels drives NCX in the reverse mode, causing Ca(2+) influx in exchange for Na(+) efflux; and 3) the G(alphaq/11)/PLC/PKC-dependent pathway plays an important role in the increases in [Ca(2+)](i).