FUS1 is a novel tumor suppressor gene located in the human chromosome 3p21.3 region. We previously showed that restoration of FUS1 function in 3p21.3-deficient human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells significantly inhibited tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the combined effects of the tumor suppressor FUS1 and the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin on tumor cell growth and apoptosis induction in NSCLC cells, and explored the molecular mechanism of their mutual action. Exogenous expression of FUS1 by nanoparticle-mediated gene transfer sensitized the response of NSCLC cells to cisplatin, resulting in a 4- to 6-fold increase in tumor-suppressing activity. A systemic treatment with a combination of FUS1-nanoparticles and cisplatin in a human H322 lung cancer orthotopic xenograft mouse model dramatically enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin. We also found that the FUS1-enhanced chemosensitivity is associated with the downregulation of MDM2, accumulation of p53 and activation of the Apaf-1-dependent apoptosis pathway. Our results demonstrated an important role of FUS1 in modulating chemosensitivity of lung cancer cells, and suggested that a proper combination of molecular therapeutics such as the proapoptotic tumor suppressor FUS1 and the conventional chemotherapeutic drugs such as cisplatin may be an efficient treatment strategy for human lung cancer.