CBAP interacts with the un-liganded common beta-subunit of the GM-CSF/IL-3/IL-5 receptor and induces apoptosis via mitochondrial dysfunction

Oncogene. 2008 Feb 28;27(10):1397-403. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1210778. Epub 2007 Sep 10.


The cytoplasmic domain of the common beta-chain (betac) of the granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)/interleukin-3 (IL-3)/IL-5 receptor contains a membrane proximal region that is sufficient to mediate ligand-dependent mitogenic activity. Within this region two motifs, designated as box 1 and box 2, are highly conserved among members of the cytokine receptor superfamily. Whereas box 1 is required for the recruitment and phosphorylation of Janus kinase-2, the function of box 2 remains largely unknown. Here, we report the identification of a novel transmembrane protein (common beta-chain associated protein (CBAP)) which directly associated with betac via the box 2 motif. Interestingly, such an association only occurred in the absence of GM-CSF in vivo. Ectopic overexpression of CBAP triggered apoptosis of factor-dependent cells via mitochondrial dysfunction, which could be inhibited by Bcl-2 overexpression. Reduced expression of endogenous CBAP by small interfering RNA did not interfere GM-CSF-activated signaling molecules, but such treatment significantly inhibited apoptosis induced by GM-CSF deprivation, but not other death stimuli. Domain mapping studies indicated that one apoptogenic domain of CBAP correlated with its ability to interact with betac. Taken together, these results suggest that CBAP modulates GM-CSF-deprivation-induced apoptosis possibly via a novel mechanism involving interaction with an un-liganded betac molecule.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cytokine Receptor Common beta Subunit / deficiency
  • Cytokine Receptor Common beta Subunit / genetics
  • Cytokine Receptor Common beta Subunit / metabolism
  • Cytokine Receptor Common beta Subunit / physiology*
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-3 / metabolism*
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology
  • Mitochondria / pathology
  • Mitochondria / physiology*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / physiology
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology


  • Cytokine Receptor Common beta Subunit
  • Interleukin-3
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor