The value of the intracoronary electrogram for the early detection of myocardial ischaemia during coronary angioplasty

Eur Heart J. 1991 Nov;12(11):1176-82. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/12.11.1176.


The clinical value of intracoronary electrography for the detection of myocardia ischaemia was assessed during coronary angioplasty and compared to a standard technique of surface ECG monitoring. In 73 patients undergoing single lesion angioplasty, an intracoronary electrogram and four representative surface ECG leads were obtained. During angioplasty of the left anterior descending artery leads, I, V3, V5, V6 were recorded. For the circumflex artery leads I, aVL, aVF, V6, and for the right coronary artery leads II, III, aVF, V6 were monitored. Eight patients were excluded due to transient intraventricular conduction disturbances during balloon inflation; 65 patients remained for further analysis. Out of a total of 154 balloon inflations (35 in the circumflex, 71 in the left anterior descending and 48 in the right coronary artery), the percentage that produced a greater than or equal to 1 mm ST segment elevation, the time to the appearance of a greater than or equal to 1 mm ST segment elevation and the maximal ST segment elevation were recorded. During inflations in the circumflex artery, the respective values of these three parameters were 20%, 22.6 +/- 11.5 s and 0.37 +/- 0.80 mm in V6, the most sensitive surface lead, versus 70% (P less than 0.001), 14.4 +/- 9.6 s (P less than 0.01) and 5.82 +/- 6.35 mm (P less than 0.0001) on the intracoronary electrogram.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / adverse effects*
  • Constriction
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Vessels
  • Electrocardiography / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods
  • Sensitivity and Specificity