Seeded growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS nanoheterostructures with rod and tetrapod morphologies

Nano Lett. 2007 Oct;7(10):2951-9. doi: 10.1021/nl072003g. Epub 2007 Sep 11.

Abstract

We have demonstrated that seeded growth of nanocrystals offers a convenient way to design nanoheterostructures with complex shapes and morphologies by changing the crystalline structure of the seed. By using CdSe nanocrystals with wurtzite and zinc blende structure as seeds for growth of CdS nanorods, we synthesized CdSe/CdS heterostructure nanorods and nanotetrapods, respectively. Both of these structures showed excellent luminescent properties, combining high photoluminescence efficiency (approximately 80 and approximately 50% for nanorods and nanotetrapods, correspondingly), giant extinction coefficients (approximately 2 x 10(7) and approximately 1.5 x 10(8) M(-1) cm(-1) at 350 nm for nanorods and nanotetrapods, correspondingly), and efficient energy transfer from the CdS arms into the emitting CdSe core.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cadmium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Crystallization / methods*
  • Luminescent Measurements / methods*
  • Macromolecular Substances / chemistry
  • Materials Testing
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Nanostructures / chemistry*
  • Nanostructures / ultrastructure*
  • Nanotechnology / methods*
  • Particle Size
  • Selenium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Sulfides / chemistry*
  • Surface Properties

Substances

  • Cadmium Compounds
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Selenium Compounds
  • Sulfides
  • cadmium sulfide
  • cadmium selenide