Association between waiting times for kidney transplantation and rates of live donation

Am J Transplant. 2007 Oct;7(10):2406-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2007.01922.x.


A deceased donor (DD) allocation system incorporating net life survival benefit has been proposed. In this system, many kidneys will be shifted to younger recipients, thereby decreasing their waiting times. The goal of this study was to determine the potential effects of altering waiting times on the likelihood of live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). We analyzed 93,727 waiting list candidates to determine the association of various patient factors with likelihood of LDKT. The proportion of patients receiving LDKT was compared by the median DD waiting time at that patient's transplant center for someone of that patient's age category and race. LDKT was consistently higher as waiting times became longer. After adjusting for all other factors associated with likelihood of LDKT, waiting time remained a significant, independent predictor. Patients with the longest DD waiting times had 2.3-fold higher odds of LDKT (95% CI 2.11-2.58, p < 0.001). In planning the new DD allocation policy, we must account for resulting alterations in LDKT. It is possible that shifting DD kidneys to younger recipients may decrease LDKT or shift it to older recipients, net effects not consistent with the goal of net life survival benefit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cadaver
  • Continental Population Groups
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Living Donors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Registries
  • Resource Allocation
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Donors / statistics & numerical data
  • United States
  • Waiting Lists*