Background: Asthma is a complex disorder, which is known to be affected by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. The human Eotaxin 1 and CCR3 attract eosinophils and Th2-lymphocytes to migrate to the inflammatory foci that could represent a key mechanism in allergy and asthma.
Objective: We hypothesized that Eotaxin1 gene Ala23Thr and A-384 G, and CCR3 gene T51C polymorphisms are associated with plasma Eotaxin levels and predispose individuals to asthma pathogenesis.
Methods: One hundred seventy-eight hospital-based asthmatic children and 277 community-based controls aged from 5 to 12 years were recruited in southern Taiwan. Whole blood samples and questionnaires were collected. In this study, we addressed genetic effects of Eotaxin 1 and CCR3 genes on asthma, plasma IgE and Eotaxin 1 levels.
Results: In comparison with subjects with Ala23Ala genotype, Ala23Thr polymorphism of the Eotaxin 1 gene showed a significant protective effect on asthma (AOR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.37-0.92). We demonstrated that the mean Eotaxin 1 concentration was significantly higher in subjects with Ala23Ala than in subjects with Thr23Thr (P = 0.005) or Ala23Thr (P = 0.07), which showed a gene-dose dependent relationship. But, we observed that the A-384G polymorphism of Eotaxin 1 gene and T51C polymorphism of CCR3 gene are not associated with asthma.
Conclusion: This study finding provide a strong evidence that Eotaxin 1 Thr23Thr homozygote has a protective effect on asthma and significantly decreases plasma Eotaxin 1 concentrations in asthmatics in Taiwan.