Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of VIT100 (Immusol, Inc, San Diego, California), a ribozyme to proliferating cell nuclear antigen, in preventing recurrent proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in patients with established PVR who undergo vitrectomy for retinal reattachment repair.
Methods: A multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial. One hundred seventy-five eyes from 175 patients with grade C or worse PVR were randomly assigned to receive high-dose VIT100, low-dose VIT100, or placebo by intravitreal injection at the conclusion of retinal reattachment surgery.
Main outcome measures: The primary efficacy end point was recurrent retinal detachment secondary to PVR. The secondary end point was recurrent retinal detachment due to any cause.
Results: One hundred fifty-four patients completed the study. Forty-one patients (27%) developed recurrent retinal detachment due to PVR by 24 weeks, including 18 patients (33%) in the group receiving 0.75 mg, 13 patients (24%) in the group receiving 0.15 mg, and 10 patients (22%) in the placebo group. There was no statistically significant difference in patients reaching this end point by 24 weeks (P = .37). Ancillary statistical analyses are reported.
Conclusions: VIT100 was not effective in preventing PVR recurrence in patients with established grade C or worse PVR.
Application to clinical practice: To our knowledge, this is the most recent, meticulously designed clinical trial in PVR.