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. 2007 Sep;125(9):1202-9.
doi: 10.1001/archopht.125.9.1202.

Plaque Radiotherapy for Choroidal Melanoma Encircling the Optic Disc (Circumpapillary Choroidal Melanoma)

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Plaque Radiotherapy for Choroidal Melanoma Encircling the Optic Disc (Circumpapillary Choroidal Melanoma)

Mandeep S Sagoo et al. Arch Ophthalmol. .

Abstract

Objective: To report results of plaque radiotherapy for choroidal melanoma that completely encircles the optic disc (circumpapillary melanoma).

Methods: Retrospective medical record review over a 31-year period of 37 consecutive patients. The main outcome measures were treatment complications, long-term visual acuity, enucleation, tumor recurrence, metastasis, and death.

Results: The median patient age at treatment was 69 years (range, 20-86 years). The presenting complaint was visual loss in 19 eyes (51%), photopsia in 5 (14%), and visual field loss in 3 (8%). All tumors touched and encircled the optic disc for 360 degrees . The quadrantic location of the main tumor epicenter was superior in 8 eyes (22%), nasal in 10 (27%), inferior in 9 (24%), and temporal in 10 (27%). The median tumor basal diameter was 11 mm (range, 4.8-20 mm) and median tumor thickness was 3.6 mm (range, 1.8-14.8 mm). The optic disc was obscured to some extent by overhanging tumor in 19 cases (52%). The most commonly used isotope for plaque radiotherapy was iodine 125 (n = 34 cases; 92%), and a notched plaque design was used in 34 cases (92%). Planned adjunctive treatment included transpupillary thermotherapy in 17 cases (49%) and argon laser photocoagulation in 6 of 35 cases (17%) with follow-up. Of the 28 eyes with more than 5 months' follow-up (mean, 52 months; median, 46 months; range, 5-234 months), treatment complications included nonproliferative and proliferative retinopathy in 11 (39%) and 7 eyes (25%); maculopathy in 7 (25%); papillopathy in 9 eyes (32%); neovascular glaucoma in 5 (18%); and vitreous hemorrhage in 13 (46%). Pars plana vitrectomy was required in only 2 of 13 eyes (15%) with persistent vitreous hemorrhage. Long-term visual acuity of 20/200 or worse was observed in 13 eyes (62%), and 12 eyes (57%) lost more than 5 Snellen visual acuity lines, excluding 7 cases (25%) in which enucleation was necessary. Recurrence was noted in 4 cases (14%), of which 3 were treated with enucleation and 1 with transpupillary thermotherapy. Systemic metastasis occurred in 1 patient (4%) and there were no melanoma-specific deaths during the study period.

Conclusions: Custom-designed plaque radiotherapy is a potential treatment for selected patients with circumpapillary choroidal melanoma. We found satisfactory local tumor control, and globe retention was achieved in 75% of eyes with more than 5 months' follow-up.

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