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. 2007 Sep 11;69(11):1084-93.
doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000277320.50685.7c.

Mediterranean Diet and Alzheimer Disease Mortality

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Free PMC article

Mediterranean Diet and Alzheimer Disease Mortality

Nikolaos Scarmeas et al. Neurology. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: We previously reported that the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is related to lower risk for Alzheimer disease (AD). Whether MeDi is associated with subsequent AD course and outcomes has not been investigated.

Objectives: To examine the association between MeDi and mortality in patients with AD.

Methods: A total of 192 community-based individuals in New York who were diagnosed with AD were prospectively followed every 1.5 years. Adherence to the MeDi (0- to 9-point scale with higher scores indicating higher adherence) was the main predictor of mortality in Cox models that were adjusted for period of recruitment, age, gender, ethnicity, education, APOE genotype, caloric intake, smoking, and body mass index.

Results: Eighty-five patients with AD (44%) died during the course of 4.4 (+/-3.6, 0.2 to 13.6) years of follow-up. In unadjusted models, higher adherence to MeDi was associated with lower mortality risk (for each additional MeDi point hazard ratio 0.79; 95% CI 0.69 to 0.91; p = 0.001). This result remained significant after controlling for all covariates (0.76; 0.65 to 0.89; p = 0.001). In adjusted models, as compared with AD patients at the lowest MeDi adherence tertile, those at the middle tertile had lower mortality risk (0.65; 0.38 to 1.09; 1.33 years' longer survival), whereas subjects at the highest tertile had an even lower risk (0.27; 0.10 to 0.69; 3.91 years' longer survival; p for trend = 0.003).

Conclusion: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) may affect not only risk for Alzheimer disease (AD) but also subsequent disease course: Higher adherence to the MeDi is associated with lower mortality in AD. The gradual reduction in mortality risk for higher MeDi adherence tertiles suggests a possible dose-response effect.

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. Flow chart describing sample
Medi = Mediterranean diet; AD = Alzheimer disease.
Figure 2
Figure 2. Survival curves based on Cox analyses comparing Alzheimer disease mortality in subjects belonging to each Mediterranean diet (MeDi) tertile (p for trend = 0.004)
Low tertile (score 0 to 3) corresponds to lower adherence to MeDi, middle tertile (score 4 to 5) to middle adherence, and high tertile (score 6 to 9) to higher adherence to MeDi. The figure is derived from a model that is adjusted for period of recruitment, age, gender, ethnicity, education, APOE genotype, caloric intake, smoking, and body mass index.

Comment in

  • Pass the grain; spare the brain.
    Galvin JE. Galvin JE. Neurology. 2007 Sep 11;69(11):1072-3. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000275542.03820.b1. Neurology. 2007. PMID: 17846407 No abstract available.

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